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Eighth Army [8th Army] Fourteenth Army [14th Army] Corps: see also the websites: I Corps [1st Corps] II Corps [2nd Corps] III Corps [3rd Corps] IV Corps [4th Corps] V Corps [5th Corps] ... Orders of battle (London : Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1960) 2 vol. Order of Battle of the US Army - WWII - ETO 8th ARMORED DIVISION. The Panzer Army Afrika were eventually stopped by Auchinleck at the First Battle of El Alamein. While in many ways the mountain troops added greatly to the capabilities of the ARMIR, in other … [1], On 26 November the Commander-in-Chief Middle East Command, General Claude Auchinleck, replaced Cunningham with Major-General Neil Ritchie,[2] following disagreements between Auchinleck and Cunningham. Both sides commenced a period of building their strength to launch new offensives but it was Rommel who took the initiative first, forcing the Eighth Army from the Gazala position. On 2 May 1945, the 2nd New Zealand Division of the Eighth Army liberated Trieste, and that same day, the Yugoslav Fourth Army, together with Slovene 9th Corpus NOV entered the town. 6 November 1943 to 31 July 1944, Origins of the Eighth Air Force: Plans, Organization, Doctrines, The Early Operations of the Eighth Air Force and the Origins of [9], Following three unsuccessful attempts in early 1944 by the U.S. Fifth Army to break through the German defensive positions known to the Allies as the Winter Line, the Eighth Army was covertly switched from the Adriatic coast in April 1944 to concentrate all forces, except the V Corps, on the western side of the Apennine Mountains alongside the U.S. Fifth Army in order to mount a major offensive with them. 588th Army Troops Company, Royal Engineers. Eighth Air Force: Origins of the Eighth Air Force: Plans, Organization, Doctrines; The Early Operations of the Eighth Air Force and the Origins of the Combined Bomber Offensive, 17 August 1942 to 10 June 1943; Tactical Operations of the Eighth Air Force, 6 June 1944-8 May 1945. Eighth Army [8th Army] Fourteenth Army [14th Army] Corps: see also the websites: I Corps [1st Corps] II Corps [2nd Corps] III Corps [3rd Corps] IV Corps [4th Corps] V Corps [5th Corps] ... Orders of battle (London : Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1960) 2 vol. The Battle of the Mareth Line or the Battle of Mareth was an attack in the Second World War by the British Eighth Army (General Bernard Montgomery) in Tunisia, against the Mareth Line held by the Italo-German 1st Army (General Giovanni Messe).It was the first big operation by the Eighth Army since the Second Battle of El Alamein 4 1 ⁄ 2 months previously. The Eighth Army returned to the Adriatic coast and succeeded in forcing the Gothic line defences, but ultimately the Allied forces could not break into the Po valley before the onset of winter forced an end to serious offensive operations. [4], At the beginning of November 1942 the Eighth Army defeated Rommel in the decisive Second Battle of El Alamein, pursuing the defeated Axis army across Libya and reaching the Mareth defensive line on the Tunisian border in February 1943, where it came under the control of 18th Army Group. Working in conjunction with the U.S. Fifth Army, now commanded by Lucian K. Truscott, on its left flank, it cut off and destroyed, (during April), large parts of the opposing Army Group C defending Bologna and then made a rapid advance through northeast Italy and into Austria. Army Troops. However, after the Second Battle of El Alamein, the worst that could be said of its operations was that they degenerated into temporary stalemates. This fourth Battle of Monte Cassino was successful with the Eighth Army breaking into central Italy and the Fifth Army entering Rome in early June. Ninth Air Force: Order of Battle of the US Army - WWII - ETO 8th Infantry Division. At the height of its membership, there were over 35 branches, with a particular strength in the North West of the UK. [23], "CHAR 20/45 Official: Prime Minister: Personal Telegrams (copies)", "Holmes, Lieutenant General William George, GOC X Corps", "THE BRITISH ARMY IN SICILY, AUGUST 1943", "Quei bambini sul carro armato - la Repubblica.it", "The Commander of the 8th Army in Italy, Lieutenant General Oliver Leese, Italy, 30 April 1944", "1944: Celebrations as Rome is liberated", "McCreery, Sir Richard Loudon (1898-1967), General", "A brief history of the 8th Army and the Desert War", "Order of Battle – 8th Army, 18 November 1941", "A bit more information on the 8th army in Northern Africa", Eighth Army Veterans (City of Manchester), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eighth_Army_(United_Kingdom)&oldid=988043972, Military units and formations established in 1941, Military units and formations disestablished in 1945, 1941 establishments in the United Kingdom, 1945 disestablishments in the United Kingdom, Field armies of the United Kingdom in World War II, Military units and formations of the British Empire in World War II, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 9 September – 26 November 1941 Lieutenant-General, 26 November 1941 – 25 June 1942 Lieutenant-General, 13 August 1942 – 29 December 1943 General, 29 December 1943 – 1 October 1944 Lieutenant-General, 1 October 1944 – July 1945 Lieutenant-General, This page was last edited on 10 November 2020, at 18:39. November 1943 to March 1944, Operational History of the Seventh Air Force, An advanced detachment was established in England on 23 Feb and units began arriving from the US during the spring of 1942. Constituted as VIII Bomber Command on 19 Jan 1942. However, he proved unable to build on his success at Alamein and was replaced as Commander-in-Chief Middle-East in August 1942 by General Harold Alexander and as Eighth Army commander by Lieutenant-General William Gott. CMH Home ; Force Structure Support; Order of Battle - WWII - ETO; 8th Infantry Division; Return to Table of Contents "Pathfinder Division" "Arrow Division" Its nickname is represented by the golden arrow piercing the white "8" on a blue shield. [5], The Eighth Army then participated in the Italian Campaign which began with the Allied invasion of the island of Sicily, code-named Operation Husky. Together these two armies made up the Allied Armies in Italy (later redesigned 15th Army Group, under General Sir Harold Alexander. 31st Field Company… The end of the summer campaign found Allied forces butting up against the Gothic Line. Order of Battle of the. The Eighth Army first went into action as an Army as part of Operation Crusader, the Allied operation to relieve the besieged city of Tobruk, on 17 November 1941, when it crossed the Egyptian frontier into Libya to attack Erwin Rommel's Panzer Army Africa. 6th South African Armoured Car Regiment (one troop) 566th Army Troops Company, Royal Engineers. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II, The Fifth Air Force in the Huon Peninsula Campaign, January to October 1943, The Fifth Air Force in the Huon Peninsula Campaign, During the fighting on the Italian Front the Eighth Army had, from 3 September 1943 until 2 May 1945, suffered 123,254 casualties. Alexander and Montgomery were able to resist the pressure from Churchill, building the Army's strength and adding a pursuit formation, X Corps, to the Army's XIII and XXX Corps. the Combined Bomber Offensive, 17 August 1942 to 10 June 1943, Tactical Operations of the Eighth Air Force, 6 June 1944-8 May 1945, Ninth Air Force in the Western Desert Campaign to 23 January 1943, Ninth Air Force in the ETO [European Theater of Operations], month . (For Each Division) Insignia, Nickname, Insignia Significance, and … Ninth Air Force: [11], The final offensive in Italy saw the Eighth Army back in action. [14], By November 1941 it had expanded to two Corps: XIII Corps under Lieutenant-General Reade Godwin-Austen[15] and XXX Corps under Lieutenant-General Willoughby Norrie:[16], The Eighth Army also included the Tobruk garrison which was supported by the 70th British Infantry Division (commanded by Major-General Ronald Scobie) which included the Polish Carpathian Brigade. [19], By the time the army was fighting the Second Battle of El Alamein, it had reached a size of over 220,000 men in 10 divisions and several independent brigades. 27th Field Company, South African Engineers. Then, in the late 1970s, the Eighth Army Veterans Association was formed. From December 26, … 8th NewYork Cavalry 22d NewYork Cavalry 1st Vermont Cavalry Horse Artillery Batteries B & L, 2d US Artillery Batteries C, F & K, 2d US Artillery Confederate Forces. In July 1942, the ARMIR was created when Italian dictator Benito Mussolini decided to scale up the Italian effort in the Soviet Union. 11 November 1942 to the Reorganization of 18 February 1943, Guadalcanal and the Origins of the Thirteenth Air Force, The Thirteenth Air Force, March-October 1943, The Fourteenth Air Force to 1 October 1943, History of the Twentieth Air Force: Genesis, A short history of the Boeing aircraft company, 379th Fighter Squadron of P-47 Thunderbolts, The B-26 Marauder & Ninth Air Force Association Archives. Army of Northern Virginia (Higher Headquarters- not present at battle) Second Corps Rodes Division Battle's Brigade 3d Alabama 5th alabama 6th Alabama This is the order of battle for the ground forces involved in Operation Crusader, a World War II battle between the British Commonwealth and the European Axis Powers of Germany and Italy in North Africa between 18 November – 30 December 1941. It ended its days by being redesignated British Forces in Austria; controlling the British forces occupying part of that country. Under the command of LTG Robert L. Eichelberger, Eighth Army methodically eliminated the last fanatical enemy resistance remaining on New Guinea and New Britain. October 1943 to February 1944, The Fifth Air Force in the Conquest of the Bismarck Archipelago, Activated in the US on I Feb 1942. Despite achieving a number of tactical successes, Rommel was forced to concede Tobruk and was pushed back to El Agheila by the end of 1941. Problems occurred where British and Yugoslavian forces met. They arrived before British forces, and were very active in trying to prevent the establishment of military government in the manner that had applied to most of the rest of Italy. ... Order of Battle - WWII - ETO; 8th ARMORED DIVISION; Return to Table of Contents "Thundering Herd" The mixture of insignia and distinctive colors of several arms incorporated in the Armored Force symbolize integrity and esprit. B Squadron, 6th Royal Tank Regiment. The Eighth Army was formed from the Western Desert Force in September 1941 and put under the command of Lieutenant-General Alan Cunningham. [8], At the end of 1943, General Montgomery was transferred to Britain to begin preparations for Operation Overlord. year -- - - A symbol with a 3D shadow indicates a clickable, active ("hot") link - - - The date at the top of the page only indicates status of the information content, not changes of format, layout, or administration. After linking its left flank with the U.S. Fifth Army, led by General Mark W. Clark, which had landed at Salerno on the west coast of Italy south of Naples, the Eighth Army continued fighting its way up Italy on the eastern flank of the Allied forces. 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