1999), and a dated record from Doi Inthanon National Park, Thailand. However, trafficking figures suggest this species is under severe hunting pressure in Northeast India (Misra and Hanfee 2000, Mohapatra et al. In 2002, Wu et al. In Taiwan (P.R. The cumulative probabilities of identifying unrelated individuals and siblings in these microsatellites were 1.83 × 10−7 and 1.01 × 10−3, respectively, indicating that these markers can be applied to population genetics, parentage, and forensics studies. 2017). It is listed as a protected species in national or sub-national legislation in all range states, except Bhutan. In 2008, China’s State Forestry Administration estimated that only 25,000 to 50,000 wild pangolins were left in Southern China. 2018). Greater enforcement and management within protected areas to prevent poachi… A total of 54 pangolins (29 males and 25 females) were captured between 2009 and 2013 within a 10 km2 area and genotyped using ten microsatellite markers. The species has been so heavily hunted in Lao PDR that field sightings are exceptionally rare.
2008). There were field sightings of an individual in Nam Theun Extension PNBCA (Proposed National Biodiversity Conservation Area) in 1994-1995, and an individual was seen in a village in Nakai-Nam Theun NBCA during the same period (Duckworth et al. In Nepal it has been recorded up to 3,000 m asl (A. Khatiwada, unpubl. 2005). 1999). In this study, we assessed the discrimination power of microsatellites. In Khe Net and Ke Go, hunters reported that numbers of Chinese Pangolins were lower than those of the Sunda Pangolin probably because the former is easier to capture. 2017). This species was reported in the 1980s as common in the undisturbed hill forests of Arunachal Pradesh, however, little is known about the total population in India (Tikader 1983, Zoological Survey of India 1994). The upper limit of occurrence in Taiwan is around 2,000 m asl (Chao 1989). There are older records from Lao PDR - Nam Theun Extension Proposed National Biodiversity Conservation Area (NCBA) and Nakai-Nam Theun NCBA (Duckworth et al. Although all eight species of pangolins are banned from international trade, the "scaly anteater" population is still under deadly threats as they continue to be the world's most trafficked mammals. Vamiki Tiger Reserve, Bihar (Maurya et al. 2017). Between the 1960-1980s up to 160,000 Chinese Pangolins were harvested annually in China for consumptive use resulting in all but the commercial extinction of the species by the 1990s (SATCM 1996, Zhang 2008). (2010) estimated the population in China in 2008 to comprise between 25,100 and 49,450 individuals. The species has likely been extirpated from parts of its current range, the limits of which are poorly known and may never be elucidated, due to high levels of exploitation historically. There are unverified camera trap records from Nakai-Nam Theun NBCA in the early 2010s (Coudrat, 2017).
As a result of increasing threats to pangolins, mainly in the form of illegal, international trade in pangolin skin, scales, and meat, these species have received increasing conservation attention in recent years.
The species is plausibly widespread in northern Myanmar, although there are few records and its exact distribution is not well known (Salter 1983, Corbet and Hill 1992). 2017). In Lao PDR, the species has been recorded in the north and central parts, but there are too few locality records to determine the geographic and altitudinal range of the species in the country with any accuracy (Timmins and Evans 1996; Duckworth et al. data), and Neora Valley National Park (Mallick 2010); Nepal: Kangchenjunga, Gaurishankar and Annapurna Conservation Areas, Makalubarun, Sagarmatha, Chitwan, Parsa, Shivapuri-Nagarjun, and Suklaphanta National Parks, and Royal Nagarjung Forest; Vietnam: Cuc Phuong National Park, Khe Net Nature Reserve, Ke Go Nature Reserve, Ba Na National Park, Lung Day (Cao Bo Province), Ha Nang Nature Reserve, and Pu Luong Nature Reserve (Newton et al. Chan, unpubl.
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