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1999), and a dated record from Doi Inthanon National Park, Thailand. However, trafficking figures suggest this species is under severe hunting pressure in Northeast India (Misra and Hanfee 2000, Mohapatra et al. In 2002, Wu et al. In Taiwan (P.R. The cumulative probabilities of identifying unrelated individuals and siblings in these microsatellites were 1.83 × 10−7 and 1.01 × 10−3, respectively, indicating that these markers can be applied to population genetics, parentage, and forensics studies. 2017). It is listed as a protected species in national or sub-national legislation in all range states, except Bhutan. In 2008, China’s State Forestry Administration estimated that only 25,000 to 50,000 wild pangolins were left in Southern China. 2018). Greater enforcement and management within protected areas to prevent poachi… A total of 54 pangolins (29 males and 25 females) were captured between 2009 and 2013 within a 10 km2 area and genotyped using ten microsatellite markers. The species has been so heavily hunted in Lao PDR that field sightings are exceptionally rare.

2008). There were field sightings of an individual in Nam Theun Extension PNBCA (Proposed National Biodiversity Conservation Area) in 1994-1995, and an individual was seen in a village in Nakai-Nam Theun NBCA during the same period (Duckworth et al. In Nepal it has been recorded up to 3,000 m asl (A. Khatiwada, unpubl. 2005). 1999). In this study, we assessed the discrimination power of microsatellites. In Khe Net and Ke Go, hunters reported that numbers of Chinese Pangolins were lower than those of the Sunda Pangolin probably because the former is easier to capture. 2017). This species was reported in the 1980s as common in the undisturbed hill forests of Arunachal Pradesh, however, little is known about the total population in India (Tikader 1983, Zoological Survey of India 1994). The upper limit of occurrence in Taiwan is around 2,000 m asl (Chao 1989). There are older records from Lao PDR - Nam Theun Extension Proposed National Biodiversity Conservation Area (NCBA) and Nakai-Nam Theun NCBA (Duckworth et al. Although all eight species of pangolins are banned from international trade, the "scaly anteater" population is still under deadly threats as they continue to be the world's most trafficked mammals. Vamiki Tiger Reserve, Bihar (Maurya et al. 2017). Between the 1960-1980s up to 160,000 Chinese Pangolins were harvested annually in China for consumptive use resulting in all but the commercial extinction of the species by the 1990s (SATCM 1996, Zhang 2008). (2010) estimated the population in China in 2008 to comprise between 25,100 and 49,450 individuals. The species has likely been extirpated from parts of its current range, the limits of which are poorly known and may never be elucidated, due to high levels of exploitation historically. There are unverified camera trap records from Nakai-Nam Theun NBCA in the early 2010s (Coudrat, 2017).

As a result of increasing threats to pangolins, mainly in the form of illegal, international trade in pangolin skin, scales, and meat, these species have received increasing conservation attention in recent years.
© 2020 speciesonthebrink.org. Pangolins are the most trafficked mammalian species in the world and have recently been transferred from Appendix II to Appendix I in the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), due to poaching and international population decline. The species appears to be sympatric with the Indian Pangolin (M. crassicaudata) in the Neora Valley National Park (Mallick 2010) and Manas National Park (Lahkhar et al. In northern Bangladesh, it may be restricted to the India-Bangladesh border area only (Trageser et al. The species is found in Cuc Phuong National Park, Khe Net Nature Reserve, and Ke Go Nature Reserve, and Ba Na National Park (Newton et al. All rights reserved. data). In Hong Kong SAR, the species is present but is considered rare (G. Ades, pers. 2017), however, there are still a few areas where they exist, such as within the Chittagong Hill Tracts where there is an absence of high-skilled hunters (Trageser et al. data). We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. 5 GPS for Black Mamba APU. 2010). China comprises the largest range state for this species, but populations have suffered severe declines in recent decades. In China the species' distribution extends from the southern border as far north as the Changjiang, including on the island of Zhoushan at the mouth of the Changjiang (Allen and Coolidge 1940). While it has been recorded in, and may still occur in, some protected areas, protected area designation alone is insufficient to protect this species. A low level of genetic diversity and heterozygote deficiency were observed, which is likely due to over-exploitation, and harvesting for use in leather between 1950 and 1980. The IUCN SSC Asian Species Action Partnership (ASAP) is an initiative aimed at reversing the declines in the wild of Species On The Brink of extinction – Critically Endangered land and freshwater vertebrates in Southeast Asia. A nation-wide survey of pangolins (see DNPWC and DOF 2018) in Nepal unveiled the occurrence of Chinese Pangolin throughout Nepal largely distributed in human dominated landscapes outside the protected areas, though it does occur in protected areas as well. After the Taiwanese government established the Wildlife Conservation Act in 1989 it appears that domestic consumption was significantly reduced. China) and Hong Kong SAR. Recent population and habitat viability assessment reports on Chinese pangolin in Taiwan also indicate a lack of population connectivity in the Coastal Mountain Range (Kao et al., 2019). China), the species occurs on the periphery of the Central Mountain Range, the Western Foothill Range, the Taoyuan Tableland, the Ouluanpi Tableland, the East Coast Mountain Range, the Tatun Volcano Group, Taipei Basin, Puli Basin, and the Pingtun Plain (Chao 1989, Chao et al.
The species is plausibly widespread in northern Myanmar, although there are few records and its exact distribution is not well known (Salter 1983, Corbet and Hill 1992). 2017). In Lao PDR, the species has been recorded in the north and central parts, but there are too few locality records to determine the geographic and altitudinal range of the species in the country with any accuracy (Timmins and Evans 1996; Duckworth et al. data), and Neora Valley National Park (Mallick 2010); Nepal: Kangchenjunga, Gaurishankar and Annapurna Conservation Areas, Makalubarun, Sagarmatha, Chitwan, Parsa, Shivapuri-Nagarjun, and Suklaphanta National Parks, and Royal Nagarjung Forest; Vietnam: Cuc Phuong National Park, Khe Net Nature Reserve, Ke Go Nature Reserve, Ba Na National Park, Lung Day (Cao Bo Province), Ha Nang Nature Reserve, and Pu Luong Nature Reserve (Newton et al. Chan, unpubl.

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